(We regret that this offer has had to be rescheduled)
To celebrate the INTA Digital World Conference and the IP Summit,
the Kindle edition of Millicent Ligare’s ‘The Nagoya Protocol: Its Impact on Access and Benefit Sharing, Patent Applications and the Utilisation of Genetic Resources‘, will be greatly reduced to £1.99 for December 1st and £3.99 for December 2nd.
The original paperback edition remains at the very reasonable £28.89.
The Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization (ABS) to the Convention on Biological Diversity is a supplementary agreement to the Convention on Biological Diversity. The Protocol entered into force on 12 October 2014 and has so far been ratified by 85 States, including India, Mexico Norway, Peru, South Africa, Switzerland and Vietnam, and the EU.
It provides a transparent legal framework for the effective implementation of the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources, among other objectives.
To better understand issues dealt with under this objective, UNCTAD commissioned a study titled “Facilitating BioTrade in a Challenging Policy and Legal Environment: Options for Improved Action”. The study offers an overview of some of the key issues and connections between BioTrade and ABS under the framework of the Nagoya Protocol, the challenges faced by different interested actors and suggestions of ways to overcome them in terms of interpretation, policies and legal answers.
According to Manuel Ruiz, Director of the Biodiversity Programme of the Peruvian Society of Environmental law (SPDA) and co-author of the study, the mains findings suggest that linkages between BioTrade and ABS are becoming more evident in light of the Nagoya Protocol, and that there is potential for complementarity and mutual supportiveness. Understanding these connections is fundamental to ensure legal certainty and create an enabling environment to facilitate sustainable biodiversity related businesses and projects.
Bonapas Onguglo, in charge of UNCTAD’s Trade and Environmental Branch, stated that “many countries are starting to introduce new implementing regulations on access and benefit sharing or revising existing ones. Provider and user countries’ new regulatory requirements will define future flows of genetic resources and natural biochemicals, as well as the level of protection of the associated traditional knowledge”.
“UNCTAD activities in this regard will provide a practical and user-friendly guidance for the integration of new regulatory obligations on ABS within countries’ biodiversity strategies” said Ms. Veronique Rossow, Head of Research and Development, PhytoTrade Africa.
Igor Ashurbeyli, Founder in Chief of ROOM: The Space Journal & Chairman of Moscow based International Expert Society on Space Threat Defence, gave a keynote address on the protection of Earth from Military & Non-Military Space Threats.
He pointed out seven types of space related risks as:
- Sun storms and sun flares, known as coronal mass ejections.
- Changes in the Earth’s magnetosphere which result in the destruction of the protective shield that could deflect coronal mass ejections.
- Potentially dangerous asteroids and comets, which could impact Earth and lead to mass destruction of humanity.
- Man-made space debris.
- Climate change resulting from the effects of human technology, industrialisation and solar radiation on Earth’s atmosphere.
- Cosmic radiation – Earth is constantly affected not only by solar radiation but also by cosmic rays from novas, supernovas and pulsars. This also needs to be taken into consideration.
- Biological threats from inside meteors and other small bodies that reach the planet.
He noted that in order to create an effective method of protection from space-based threats, close international cooperation is essential. Any one sided action on behalf of one country, even the richest and most technologically advanced, can be faced with multiple legal, political and strategic barriers.
Ashurbeyli further noted that technology alone – despite all its real and promised benefits for humankind – means absolutely nothing without a higher goal and vision. Further progress in near-Earth space and global space exploration calls for the return of altruistic motives, and the return of inspiration and a sense of human community.
There’s need for an internationally acceptable control system with completely transparent intellectual property rights and open architecture. Funding and the right to use it must belong to all mankind – encompassing advanced nations and developing countries alike, with no restrictions or boundaries.
It will require a new approach to international politics which Ashurbeyli named ‘astropolitics’ – something which would need to encompass not just major aspects of international relationships but legal matters of a much more human scale.
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